An overview of Yuyao
Located in the south of Yangtze River Delta and in the middle of Shangxing-Ningbo Plain, Yuyao sits on a fertile land of natural beauty. Facing Shanghai across the sea, Yuyao neighbors NingBo to the east, Hangzhou to the west, with SiMing Mountain in the south, and Hangzhou Bay to the north. With a total administrative area of (1501)1527 square kilometers, Yuyao is inhabited by 830 thousand registered residents, as well as 500 thousand migrants.
Yuyao boasts a long history and a profound culture. The history of Yuyao can be traced as far back as 2200 years ago when the Qin Dynasty first established a county here. Traditionally noted as “Land of Literatures and Scholars”, “Land of Literatures”, “Most Cultured in the Southeast”, and “Giant County in the Yue Prefecture”, Yuyao is home to a variety of culture heritages and historic sites. Among them are Hemudu Neolithic Culture represented by Hemudu ruins and Tianluo Mountain site, as well as Yaojiang River Culture represented by “the four most celebrated scholars”, namely, Yang Ziling, Wang Yangming, Zhu Shunshui and Huang Zongxi. In particular, the discovery of Hemudu Neolithic Ruins pushed ahead the history of the Chinese nation by more than 2000 years, and established the Yangtze River Valley’s status as one of the cradles for the Chinese civilization.
Hemudu Site, Yuyao Museum, Stone Booth of four ancestries, Ruiyun Building of the former residence of Wang Yangming, Zhongtian Loft, Memorial Hall of Zhu Shunshui, Longhu Grass Hall, Hugong Rock, Wugui Building
The outline of the Museum of Hemudu Site is of “dry-column” style. In the Museum there are “A-list in the World” on display such as the tallest cultivated rice in the world, dry-column style architectures, barge pole, ancient whistle etc. and so on, all of which redisplay the original ecology environment of Hemudu and the living and working scenes of the primitive Hemudu men.
Yuyao is a famous city of the north of the Yangze River and is famous for its literatures.Ruiyun Building, built from the Ming Dynasty, was the birthplace of a great psychological master Wang Yangming. When Wang Yangming was born, his mother dreamed a supernatural being gave her a son, so this building is called Ruiyun Building from then on, and Wang Yangming spent his childhood here. Wang Yangming, whose penname was Shouren, was a famous ideologist, educationalist, militarist and calligrapher during the Ming Dynasty.
Longhu Grass Hall is the place Huang Zongxi once lived. Huang Zongxi was a great ideologist and historian during the early Qing period and devoted himself to writing. During the time he spent in the hall, Huang Zongxi wrote the famous writings circulating in history, such as “Interview with Mingyi”and “the Book of Changes”, and complied the complicated writing “Ming Wen Hai”.
Tongji Bridge and Shunjiang Building are typical constructions of the ancient city Yuyao. Tongji Bridge, which was built from the Yuan Dynasty to the year Shun (1332), spans over the Yao River and joins the south city and the north city together, and was honored of “ the First Bridge of South Zhejiang ”. Shunjiang Building, commonly called Drug Building, was built from the Yuan Dynasty to the year Yuan (1335). It appears to be simple and majestic with cornices and rake angels. One bridge, accompanied with one building, embodying the magnificent verve in “ Rainbow Hangs in the Sky and High Lofts with Ballast.”